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Shanghai Zhijun Public Interest & Law Institute Profile

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1.????? Establishment Background

2016 witnessed the 10th anniversary of pass of UN Convention on Rights of Persons’ with Disabilities (UN CRPD), the beginning year of implementation of UN Sustainable Development Goals 2030 and the beginning year of Chinese No. 13th National Disability Development Plan. How to link Chinese PwDs’ wellbeing with “China Dream” and how to implement disability sustainable development under the framework of UN CRPD have been big challenges facing China and the world.

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China was active in the process of drafting UN CRPD and has fastening the disability legislation since 1990. In 1990, Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Disabled Persons was promulgated and amended in 2008. In August,1994, Regulation on Education of Persons with Disabilities was promulgated, aiming to promote persons with disabilities access to education and exercise of the education rights. Regulations of Construction of Accessible Environment of People’s Republic of China was promulgated in 2012. Regulations of the people’s Republic of China on the Employment of Persons with Disabilities was issued in 2007. In 2008, China ratified UN CRPD. However, how to implement these laws and regulations in real life is still a big challenge in China. On the one hand, stigma and stereo-types and discrimination against PwDs are still prevalent in China. On the other hand, very a few PwDs even infringed or interfered others’ legal rights in the process of safeguarding their own disability rights because of unknowing laws and regulations, which stirred social debate on disability rights.

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Under such backgrounds, China Shanghai Zhijun Public Interest and Law Research Center (the Center) has been set up to conduct professional studies and researches on disability laws, policies and undertakings. The Center is committed to dissemination of disability knowledge, promotion of disability awareness, support of disability inclusion into main stream society and sustainable development in disability affairs.

一、??????? 中心成立背景

2016年是联合国《残障者权利公约》通过10周年,是联合国《2030可持续发展议程》正式启动元年,也是中国实施残障者事业第“十三五”规划的首年。这10年来,《公约》在国内国际履行中得到了很大的发展,但是《公约》在具体实施过程中也遇到了一些问题和挑战,《公约》如何在国家层面及国际层面得以有效的实施与执行,依然存在问题与挑战。2016年1月1日联合国《2030年可持续发展议程》正式启动,该议程呼吁全球采取行动,为今后十五年实现17项可持续发展目标而努力,该议程多次提及建立平等包容可持续发展社会。“十二五”以来,我国积极参与国际残障者事务交流合作,相继建立了亚太经合组织和亚欧会议框架下残障者事务合作机制,推动将残障者事务纳入联合国2030年可持续发展议程。如何在《公约》框架下实现联合国关于残障者的2030可持续发展目标是当前国际残障者领域的重要议题,如何让我国残障者事业走向国际,发挥我国在国际残障者领域的话语权和主导地位是我国残障者工作的重要课题之一。

我国近年来围绕促进与保护残障者权利的立法增多,运用立法的方法保护和促进残障者的合法权利进展迅速。我国不仅于1990年通过并于2008年修订了《残疾人保障法》,而且相继出台了《残疾人教育条例》、《残疾人就业条例》、《无障碍环境条例》、《精神卫生法》等一系列法律法规,并于2008年批准《残疾人权利公约》。如何在“中国梦”的愿景下实现残障者奔小康,实现“不让一个残障者掉队”的可持续发展目标依然面临一定的挑战。社会上偏见、歧视、排斥残障者的现象依然存在,残障者依然面临不理解不平等不包容的社会环境,残疾人的受教育权和工作就业权很难得到有效的保障。

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在此背景下,我们成立bte365怎么样_bte365提款只付本金_手机官网bte365,对残障者法律政策以及残障者事务开展专业的研讨与研究,促进残障知识的传播、提高社会残障意识,推动残障者的教育权、就业权和其他各项权利的实现。为残障者平等参与融入社会及实现其可持续发展目标提供支持。

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2.????? Mission of the Center

The Center is committed to focusing on independent researches on disability laws, policies and practices in China, promotion of the implementation of UN CRPD in China, establishing a connection between Chinese academia, disabled persons' organizations and international disability community, and promoting implementation of disability rights especially on inclusive education and inclusive employment, and promoting communications between China and foreign countries in disability fields.

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二、中心使命

bte365怎么样_bte365提款只付本金_手机官网bte365致力于残障者国际条约、国内法律政策和实践的研究,致力于联合国《残疾人权利公约》等国际残障者法律文件和我国残障者法律政策研究,同时提供残障者法律政策相关专业服务;中心同时致力于传播残障知识、提高残障意识,促进残障者平等融入社会,推动残障者融合教育权和就业权的研究、发展和实现。

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